Education in the past

In the olden days, the world was viewed as something very big.  People have limited ways to get to know what was happening around the world.  Viewing anything on a large scale or which suited the world standards didn’t happen.  Education was considered very important but was confined to conventional type. The teaching techniques followed were traditional and standard.  Lower class people were deprived of the right to education. The student got education merely for competition sake or to acquire knowledge but there was no practical application to what was learned.  Even though righteous education is considered as a tool to survive, there was no cut-throat competition then.

Philosophies and ideas of learning were restricted to only gaining knowledge in a teacher-centered classroom.  The need to study, write and learn was just to transmit knowledge from person to person. The basis of education was building up character, language, and discipline.

    • The student learned in teacher-centric classrooms where the teacher is knowledge dispenser rather than a facilitator.
    • Classrooms were merely subject mattered centers and learning occurred only indoors and content was given more importance.
    • The knowledge was imparted through chalk and talk methods, where the only tool for learning was the blackboard.
    • More emphasis was laid on examinations and results rather than understanding concepts and there was an improper alignment between objectives, activities, and assessments.
    • Students mastered knowledge through drill and practice.  Rote mode of learning existed.
    • Imparting knowledge was basically thought as the responsibility of the teacher
    • Parents’ participation was never considered a crucial and positive force in a child’s educational achievements.
    • As a result, the understanding between the parent, the child, and teacher prevailed.  The gap remained a gap which couldn’t be bridged.
  • The world was not regarded as a global village as it is called now, so there were only a few jobs available.  Nonprogress of the technology also didn’t create many jobs for the youth. Hence they satisfied with agriculture which is the main occupation of the people in India.  On the other hand, the youth engaged in family business or government jobs.

However, education played a crucial role and kept on changing as the times changed.  Educational reforms were framed according to the rulers who ruled the country. The spectrum of the term education widened over the period and gave way to new dimensions.  Whatever be the age knowledge/education and skills was the prime tool to survive.

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